Texture Tuesdays: Palm tree trunk


The Arecaceae are a botanical family of perennial climbers, shrubs and trees commonly known as palm trees. They are flowering plants, a family in the monocot order Arecales. Currently, 181 genera with around 2600 species are known, most of them restricted to tropical and subtropical climates. Most palms are distinguished by their large, compound, evergreen leaves, known as fronds, arranged at the top of an unbranched stem. However, palms exhibit an enormous diversity in physical characteristics and inhabit nearly every type of habitat within their range, from rainforests to deserts.

Endangered species: Pritchardia affinis, a critically endangered species endemic to the Hawaiian Islands. Like many other plants, palms have been threatened by human intervention and exploitation. The greatest risk to palms is the destruction of habitat, especially in the tropical forests, due to urbanisation, wood-chipping, mining, and conversion to farmland. Palms rarely reproduce after such great changes in the habitat, and those with small habitat ranges are most vulnerable to them.

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