Dianthus is a genus flowering plants in the family Caryophyllaceae. The name Dianthus is from the Greek words Διός Dios (“of Zeus”) and ἀνθός anthos (“flower”), and was cited by the Greek botanist Theophrastus. Common names are carnation, pinks and sweet william. Native mainly to Europe and Asia. The species are mostly Perennials, a few are Annual or Biannual. Most flowers of dianthus are pink, red, or white with notched petals. The flowers have five petals. Some species, particularly the perennial pinks, are noted for their strong spicy fragrance.