Plumeria is a genus of flowering plants in the Dogbane family, Apocynaceae. Plumeria is also known as Frangipani. It’s called Gulchin (गुलचीन) & Champa (चम्पा) in Hindi and it’s called by different names in different regions. The genus is named in honour of the seventeenth-century French botanist Charles Plumier. The name “Frangipani” comes from a sixteenth-century marquess of the noble family in Italy.
Most species are shrubs or small trees that can be grown in tropical and sub-tropical climates. Mature frangipanis can grow to around 10 metres high and 7 metres wide. Plumerias come in many colours from pure white to deep red, from pale pink to vibrant shades of yellows, golds, oranges, blood red and much more. Each flower is made of five waxy petals. Flowers secrets no nectar but are pollinated by moths that are attracted by the fragrance. Tip of the leaf is rounded, rather than pointed. Plumeria species have a milky latex that, like many other Apocynaceae contains poisonous compounds that irritate the eyes and skin.
The fragrances of Plumeria flowers are diverse. The flowers are used for making scents and perfumes. They are also used for decoration.